National Green Hydrogen Mission – Powering Sustainable India

Green Hydrogen
What is Green Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen is emerging as an important source of energy since it has zero carbon content and is a non-polluting source of energy. Depending on the nature of the method of its extraction, hydrogen is categorized into three categories, namely, grey, blue and green.
  • Green hydrogen is hydrogen produced using electricityfrom clean energy sources by the electrolysis of water using renewable energy and thus doesn’t emit CO2 in the atmosphere.


  • Green Hydrogen, produced using renewable energy, has the potential to play a key role in such low-carbon and self-reliant economic pathways.
  • It can enable utilization of domestically abundant renewable energy resources across regions, seasons, and sectors, feeding multiple usage streams, either as a fuel or as an industrial feedstock.
  • It can directly replace fossil fuel derived feedstocks in petroleum refning, fertilizer production, steel manufacturing etc.
  • Hydrogen fuelled long-haul automobiles and marine vessels can enable decarbonisation of the mobility sector.
  • Green Hydrogen can be particularly useful as a versatile energy carrier for meeting energy requirements of remote geographies, including islands, in a sustainable manner.


It is a comprehensive action plan for establishing a Green Hydrogen ecosystem and catalysing a systematic response to the opportunities and challenges of this sunrise sector of energy.


  • The Green Hydrogen pathway can be a key enabler for India’s aspirations of building a low-carbon and self-reliant economy.
  • It will scale up Green Hydrogen production and utilisation across multiple sectors and align with global trends in technology, applications, policy and regulation.
  • It will help India, to  become energy independent by 2047 and achieving Net Zero  emissions by 2070.
  • It will help in reducing imports of primary energy requirements, worth over USD 90 billion every year.


  • To make India the Global Hub for production, usage and export of Green Hydrogen and its derivatives like Green Ammonia and Green Methanol.
  • This will contribute to India’s aim to become Aatmanirbhar (self-reliant) through clean energy and serve as an inspiration for the global Clean Energy Transition.
  • The Mission will lead to signifcant  decarbonisation of the economy, reduced dependence on fossil fuel imports, and enable India to assume technology and market leadership in Green Hydrogen.
  • The Mission will build capabilities to produce at least 5 Million Metric Tonne (MMT) of Green Hydrogen per annum by 2030, with potential to reach 10 MMT per annum with growth of export markets
  • The Mission will support replacement of fossil fuels and fossil fuel based feedstocks with renewable fuels and feedstocks based on Green Hydrogen.
  • The Mission also aims to make India a leader in technology and manufacturing of electrolysers and other enabling technologies for Green Hydrogen.



Green Hydrogen Mission Timelines


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